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Signs and Symptoms of Bacterial Infection, Causes and Treatments

Friday, Mar 23, 2018

There are two kinds of bacteria, firstly which is harmful and secondly which are beneficial for humans. For instance, a healthy gut includes good bacteria to keep all the infectious elements at the bay. Bacteria are commonly present in our airways, mouth, vagina, digestive tract and on our skin.

The bacteria causing disease may grow illness once they enter the body. However, these bacteria can easily find a way to enter human body via nose, skin, mouth, eyes, or vagina. Once the bacteria entered begin to grow, an infection occurs. Infections may occur in any area of the body, including airways, mouth, vagina, or digestive tract.

At times, if the bacteria present in the digestive tract manage to enter the bloodstream may cause awful infection. Moreover, if these kinds of infections not treated at the initial stage may create havoc while spreading all over the body. There are various types of bacteria and therefore their multiplication can only specify what kind of infection you will be having.

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    Disease-causing bacteria are usually classified depending on their shape. Here are the four main groups:-
  • Bacilli – This is a rod-shaped bacterium with a length of around 0.03mm. It is responsible for causing typhoid and cystitis.
  • Cocci – This is a sphere-shaped bacterium with a diameter of around 0.001mm. It is responsible for causing a host of infections such as boils and gonorrhea.
  • Spirochetes – This is a spiral-shaped bacterium that is responsible for a wide range of diseases such as sexually transmissible infection.
  • Vibrio – This is a comma-shaped bacterium responsible for causing cholera, diarrhea and dehydration.
    Some of the bacterial infections are as follows:-
  • Cellulitis – This is a rod-shaped bacterium with a length of around 0.03mm. It is responsible for causing typhoid and cystitis.
  • Cholera – This is a sphere-shaped bacterium with a diameter of around 0.001mm. It is responsible for causing a host of infections such as boils and gonorrhea.
  • Fournier's gangrene – This is a spiral-shaped bacterium that is responsible for a wide range of diseases such as sexually transmissible infection.
  • Methicillin – resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) – This kind of infection can affect various parts of the body while reflecting the infection on the skin.
  • Trachoma – It is a contagious infection caused by the bacteria affecting the conjunctive covering of the eye.
  • Tuberculosis – It is caused by bacteria spreading from one person to another through microscopic droplets released into the air.

It is necessary to get the infections diagnosed before it affects on a large scale. Though the process of complete recovery can be time-consuming, it can be treated well with antibiotics.

Causes

The common places through which bacteria frequently enter are the mouth, nose, skin, and eyes. As soon as the bacteria enter the human body, they start the process of multiplying in the body while dividing into two. Under a normal condition, one single bacterium has the ability to produce 72 billion bacteria in less than 12 hours. These accumulated bacteria throw out damaging toxins inside the body while causing infection.

Signs and Symptoms

The symptoms usually differ on the basis of the infected area, and the severity of the infection. Most of the infections lead to fever, redness, swelling, and pain. It is highly advised to visit the healthcare expert if you start experiencing any of the symptoms.

Blood Infection:A blood infection occurs when the bacteria enter the bloodstream from any part of the body. Some of the symptoms of blood infection are shivering of the body, fever, coma, and low blood pressure. If blood infection is not treated at the initial stage, it may lead to organ failure.

Eye Infection:There are some bacteria that affect the eyes and this condition is often called as conjunctivitis. Some of the common symptoms of eye infection are watery or irritated eyes, redness, itchy eyes, and blurred vision. One may also experience pain or develop sensitivity towards the light.

Digestive tract Infection:There are certain bacteria that can enter the digestive tract and cause food poisoning. Some of the common symptoms are vomiting, abdominal cramp, stomach upset, and diarrhea.

Nervous system Infection:Bacterial meningitis has the potential to affect the nervous system of our body consisting of the spinal cord and brain. Some of the common symptoms of nervous system infections are back pain, severe headache, fever, sensory loss, and weakness. A patient may also experience neck stiffness, vomiting, and nausea. Those who are suffering from acute infection may also experience coma, paralysis, seizures, or death.

Respiratory tract Infection: Respiratory tract is the most way of developing a bacterial infection and the symptoms are sore throat, shortness of breath, chest pain, congested nose, fatigue, and discomfort.

Skin Infection: Some of the symptoms of skin infection causing bacteria are skin rashes, swelling, blisters with pain, and skin discoloration.

Urinary tract Infection: Bacteria have the ability to infect the urinary tract while affecting the kidneys, ureters, and urethra. Some of the common symptoms of urinary tract infections are frequent urination, burning sensation when urinating, spotting blood in the urine, and foul-smelling urine.

Vaginal Infection: Vaginal infection is often referred as bacterial vaginosis. The most common symptom is an unpleasant odor backed by itching or burning sensation around the vagina.

    Treatment
  1. 1. Antibiotics: Most of the bacterial infections are treated with antibiotics, based on the type of infection and how severe it the infection. The antibiotics are usually taken orally, topically applied, or injected into the vein. Those who are suffering from eye infection can also use an antibiotic eye drop.
  2. 2. Probiotics: The other way to treat bacterial infection is by increasing the number of good bacteria. If taken regularly, probiotics have the ability to strengthen your immunity and fight against the bacterial infections. Probiotics help in treating stomach infection, urinary tract infection, bacterial vaginosis, and other skin infections.
  3. 3. Aloe Vera: The antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties of aloe vera strengthen the body to fight against bacteria. Freshly extracted gel works great for treating skin infections, vaginal infections, and urinary tract infections.
  4. 4. Apple cider vinegar (ACV): Possessing anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties, ACV can be used to treat a host of infections caused by bacteria. It is, moreover, essential to maintaining pH levels in the body while preventing the growth of bacteria.
  5. 5. Tea tree oil: This essential oil has antioxidant, antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties that offer a bunch of benefits for skin and vaginal infections. You can simply apply tea tree oil on the affected area to see an effective result.

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